Human behavior drives the evolution of biological organisms in ways that can profoundly adversely impact human welfare. Understanding people's incentives when they do so is essential to identify policies and other strategies to improve evolutionary outcomes. In a new study, researchers bring the...

Turbulence makes many people uneasy or downright queasy. And it's given researchers a headache, too. Mathematicians have been trying for a century or more to understand the turbulence that arises when a flow interacts with a boundary, but a formulation has proven elusive. ...

In dynamical systems research, a 'basin of attraction' is the set of all the starting points -- usually close to one another -- that arrive at the same final state as the system evolves through time. The researchers describe a simple argument showing why basins in systems with multiple attractors...

Scientists are using a mathematical model to better understand the immune response to vaccines. ...

A mathematical model of the body's interacting physiological and biochemical processes shows that it may be more effective to replace red blood cell transfusion with transfusion of other fluids that are far less in demand. ...

Researchers extend the mathematical approach called automatic differentiation from machine learning to the fitting of model parameters that describe the behavior of field-effect transistors. This allowed the parameters to be extracted up to 3.5 times faster compared with previous methods, which may...

As the world prepares for COP26, the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, we look at how maths can help understand the climate crisis. ...

Scientists are using a new mathematical tool to predict how combinations of genetic mutations cause different types of tumors. ...

How do apples grow that distinctive shape? Now, a team of mathematicians and physicists have used observations, lab experiments, theory and computation to understand the growth and form of the cusp of an apple. ...

Scientists have shown that orangutan call signals believed to be closest to the precursors to human language, travel through forest over long distances without losing their meaning. This throws into question the accepted mathematical model on the evolution of human speech. ...

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